This deliverable presents a Generic Functional Specification for ePortfolios under the framework of the EUfolio project. It (a) defines the functional and technical characteristics of ePortfolio systems in the context of upper primary and secondary school education, and (b) presents functional models to design and implement ePortfolio pedagogy at institutional level by means of electronic portfolio software systems. A key purpose of the specification is to assist educational institutions in developing a broader understanding of the functional capabilities of ePortfolio based education.
Functional Requirements of ePortfolio Systems
Various ePortfolio experts and research projects have developed ePortfolio models and frameworks over the years (cf. Attwell 2005, Beetham 2005, Baumgartner 2009, Becta 2009, etc.), some of which provided tangible approaches towards developing a comprehensive functional specification for ePortfolio systems. A thorough analysis of the status quo has been made and contributed to a first assumption of the functional scope of ePortfolio systems in the context of EUfolio, presented in the first section of this deliverable.
The ePortfolio Requirements Matrix
Based on our analysis, we developed the ePortfolio Requirements Matrix which suggests a list of generic ePortfolio functions to formalise the activities typically involved in the use of ePortfolios for learning and teaching. A set of functional modules, key functions, data models and (where relevant/available) reference specifications or frameworks results from this work. The recommendations outlined in our functional specification are of a generic character in that they will be applicable to a variety of teaching and learning environments as well as different ePortfolio software systems.
Functional Models of ePortfolio Usage
To verify the applicability of our functional specification, we demonstrate the use of our functional modules on four different ePortfolio use cases (ePortfolio types) as suggested by Baumgartner (2009), followed by three scenarios in the context of lifelong learning, as described by Balban et al. (2011). With this set of exemplary scenarios we intend to illustrate the compliance of our specification with prevalent ePortfolio models and typologies. Our scenarios refer to a variety of use cases, educational processes and functional modules that may be undertaken by different stakeholders of ePortfolio teaching and learning.
Checklists & Guidelines
In the annex, our document provides a selection of checklists, guidelines and reference models that will assist educational institutions when implementing and/or enhancing their ePortfolio capacity. They have been designed to provide guidance as to how to move forward with implementing ePortfolios in learning and teaching.